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Table of Content

This is a two-parts article. There are few sections here.

Part One
  • Preface: Test Bed
  • Getting Started With Docker
  • Package Management: Reading, Source Code, Get Help
  • Updating System: OS Release, System Upgrade
  • Package IRSI: Install, Removal, Query Search, Show Info, List File
  • Dependency: Help, Dependency, Reverse Dependency, Test
  • Group: Metapackage
  • What's Next
Part Two
  • Repositories: Configuration, Add Subrepository, List Packages, Mirror
  • System Wide: Installed Packages, Verify, /var/db/xbps, Available, Orphan
  • History: The Log File
  • Clean Up
  • Build from Source
  • Hold: Example, Lock, Result, Unlock
  • Conclusion

Repository

I found very few reference about repository in xbps.

Configuration

Configuration can be found in /usr/share/xbps.d

$ cat /usr/share/xbps.d/00-repository-main.conf 
repository=https://repo.voidlinux.eu/current

Consider check the sign.

$ xbps-query -vL
 8242 https://repo.voidlinux.eu/current (RSA signed)
      Signed-by: Void Linux
      4096 60:ae:0c:d6:f0:95:17:80:bc:93:46:7a:89:af:a3:2d

Docker XBPS: Repository: Install

Add Subrepository

Sub-repositories can be found as packages.

$ xbps-query -Rs void-repo
[-] void-repo-debug-9_1            Void Linux drop-in file for t...
[-] void-repo-multilib-6_1         Void Linux drop-in file for t...
[-] void-repo-multilib-nonfree-6_1 Void Linux drop-in file for t...
[-] void-repo-nonfree-9_1          Void Linux drop-in file for t...

Docker XBPS: Repository: Query

Therefore a sub-repository can be installed as package.

xbps-install void-repo-nonfree
1 package will be downloaded:
  void-repo-nonfree-9_1 
1 package will be installed:
  void-repo-nonfree-9_1 

Size to download:              1284B
Size required on disk:         1337B
Free space on disk:             22GB

Do you want to continue? [Y/n] 

Docker XBPS: Repository: Configuration

Do not forget to obey the official manual to synchronize

$ xbps-install -S
[*] Updating 'https://repo.voidlinux.eu/current/x86_64-repodata' ...
x86_64-repodata: 1315KB [avg rate: 1228KB/s]
[*] Updating 'https://repo.voidlinux.eu/current/nonfree/x86_64-repodata' ...
x86_64-repodata: 13KB [avg rate: 180MB/s]

Docker XBPS: Repository: Synchronize

List Packages

Now we can list avaliable packages from that repository.

$ cat /usr/share/xbps.d/10-repository-nonfree.conf 
repository=https://repo.voidlinux.eu/current/nonfree
$ xbps-query --repository=https://repo.voidlinux.eu/current/nonfree -Mis \*
[-] CopyAgent-1.48.0451_1                    Copy.com sync agent
[-] android-studio-2.3.3_1                   The official Androi...
[-] broadcom-wl-dkms-6.30.223.271_6          Broadcom proprietar...
[-] btsync-2.0.105_2                         Automatically sync ...
[-] caja-CopyAgent-1.48.0451_1               Copy.com sync agent...
[-] catalyst-15.302_2                        AMD catalyst driver...
[-] catalyst-dkms-15.302_2                   AMD catalyst driver...
[-] catalyst-libs-15.302_2                   AMD catalyst driver...
[-] catalyst-opencl-15.302_2                 AMD catalyst driver...

Docker XBPS: Repository: Query Packages

Mirror

We can adjust the mirror by changing the configuration.

$ cat /usr/share/xbps.d/00-repository-main.conf 
repository=https://repo.voidlinux.eu/current
$ xbps-install -S
[*] Updating 'https://repo.voidlinux.eu/current/x86_64-repodata' ...
$ echo "repository=https://repo2.voidlinux.eu/current" \
> /usr/share/xbps.d/00-repository-main.conf 
$ cat /usr/share/xbps.d/00-repository-main.conf 
repository=https://repo2.voidlinux.eu/current
$ xbps-install -S
[*] Updating 'https://repo2.voidlinux.eu/current/x86_64-repodata' ...

Docker XBPS: Mirror


System Wide

System wide information.

Installed Packages

You can query installed packages.

$ xbps-query --list-pkgs

Or

$ xbps-query  
ii acl-2.2.52_4                    Access Control List filesyste...
ii alsa-lib-1.1.4.1_1              The Advanced Linux Sound Arch...
ii at-spi2-atk-2.24.1_1            A GTK+ module that bridges AT...
ii at-spi2-core-2.24.1_1           Assistive Technology Service ...
ii atk-2.26.0_1                    Set of interfaces for accessi...
...
ii xkbcomp-1.4.0_1                 XKBD keymap compiler
ii xkeyboard-config-2.21_1         X Keyboard Configuration Data...
ii xtools-0.48_1                   Opinionated helpers for worki...
ii zlib-1.2.11_2                   A compression/decompression L...

Docker XBPS: xbps-query --list-pkgs

Verify Database

There is this xbps-pkgdb --all command.

$ xbps-pkgdb -a
ERROR: xbps: hash mismatch for /usr/share/xbps.d/00-repository-main.conf.
ERROR: xbps: files check FAILED.

/var/db/xbps

You can also examine any .plist in this directory

  • /var/db/xbps/pkgdb- * .plist
$ head /var/db/xbps/pkgdb-0.38.plist 
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple Computer//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
<plist version="1.0">
<dict>
	<key>_XBPS_ALTERNATIVES_</key>
	<dict>
		<key>awk</key>
		<array>
			<string>gawk</string>
		</array>

Docker XBPS: /var/db/xbps/

Available Packages

$ xbps-install -Suvn

Or

$ xbps-install --sync --update --verbose --dry-run 
Found libbluetooth-5.47_2 (update) in repository https://repo2.voidlinux.eu/current
Found orc-0.4.27_1 (update) in repository https://repo2.voidlinux.eu/current
libbluetooth-5.47_2 update x86_64 https://repo2.voidlinux.eu/current 148896 49988
orc-0.4.27_1 update x86_64 https://repo2.voidlinux.eu/current 604924 149904

Docker XBPS: xbps-install -Suvn

Orphan Packages

$ xbps-query -o
$ xbps-query --list-orphans

Currently, no orphan this time.


History

The Log File

Unfortunately, nothing in /var/log
$ ls -l /var/log/
total 0

Clean Up

Time after time, your cache size may growing bigger and bigger.

Package Cache

  • /var/cache/xbps/ * .xbps
$ ls -lR  /var/cache/xbps/

Docker XBPS: Cache

You can clean these directory. Unused package will be removed. Some other stay.

$ xbps-remove -O
Removed file-5.30_1.x86_64.xbps from cachedir (obsolete)
Removed diffutils-3.5_2.x86_64.xbps from cachedir (obsolete)
Removed libtls15-2.5.4_1.x86_64.xbps from cachedir (obsolete)
Removed iproute2-4.10.0_1.x86_64.xbps from cachedir (obsolete)

Docker XBPS: Clean


Build from Source

This part is about xbps-src.

Reading

Requirement

First we need xtools. Later we will need qemu and gcc, or maybe proot.

$ xbps-install xtools
2 packages will be downloaded:
  libpcre2-10.30_1 expat-2.2.4_1 
5 packages will be installed:
  libpcre2-10.30_1 expat-2.2.4_1 git-2.14.1_1 
  make-4.2.1_3 xtools-0.48_1 

Size to download:              418KB
Size required on disk:          33MB
Free space on disk:             22GB

Do you want to continue? [Y/n] 

Docker XBPS-SRC: XTools

Void Packages

Consider to go home.

$ cd ~
$ git clone https://github.com/voidlinux/void-packages
Cloning into 'void-packages'...
remote: Counting objects: 407954, done.
Receiving objects:  28% (117077/407954), 27.34 MiB | 1012.00 KiB/s  
Receiving objects:  29% (118307/407954), 27.90 MiB | 1014.00 KiB/s  
Receiving objects:  29% (118556/407954), 28.43 MiB | 1014.00 KiB/s  
Receiving objects:  99% (407294/407954), 144.01 MiB | 866.00 KiB/s  
remote: Total 407954 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 407954
Receiving objects: 100% (407954/407954), 144.01 MiB | 866.00 KiB/s  
Receiving objects: 100% (407954/407954), 144.63 MiB | 1.30 MiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (233370/233370), done.
Checking out files: 100% (12670/12670), done.

Docker XBPS-SRC: Void Packages

Consider to change working directory.

$ cd ~/void-packages/

Getting Help

Read The Fine Manual. As usual.

$ ./xbps-src     
xbps-src: [options] <target> [arguments]

Targets: (only one may be specified)

binary-bootstrap [arch]
    Install bootstrap packages from host repositories into <masterdir>.
    If the optional 'arch' argument is set, it will install bootstrap packages
    from this architecture, and its required xbps utilities. The <masterdir>
    will be initialized for chroot operations.

Docker XBPS-SRC: Getting Help

Bootstrap

$ ./xbps-src binary-bootstrap
=> Installing bootstrap from binary package repositories...
[*] Updating 'https://repo.voidlinux.eu/current/x86_64-repodata' ...
x86_64-repodata: 1315KB [avg rate: 2117KB/s]
[*] Updating 'https://repo.voidlinux.eu/current/musl/x86_64-repodata' ...
...
52 packages will be downloaded:
  glibc-devel-2.26_2 glibc-locales-2.26_2 binutils-2.29_1 
  ...
56 packages will be installed:
  xbps-triggers-0.102_3 base-files-0.139_8 
   ...

Size to download:               47MB
Size required on disk:         295MB
Free space on disk:             22GB

[*] Downloading binary packages
glibc-devel-2.26_2.x86_64.xbps: 2358KB [avg rate: 1350KB/s]
...
xbps-0.51_18: installed successfully.
xz-5.2.3_1: configuring ...
xz-5.2.3_1: installed successfully.
which-2.21_3: configuring ...
which-2.21_3: installed successfully.
base-chroot-0.65_2: configuring ...
base-chroot-0.65_2: installed successfully.

14 downloaded, 56 installed, 0 updated, 56 configured, 0 removed.
=> Installed bootstrap successfully!

Docker XBPS-SRC: Binary Bootstrap

Now we should be ready to use xbps-src.

Under Docker

Unfortunately my host kernel does not support feature required by xbps-src.


Hold

Hold in xbps is pretty straightforward.

Example

Consider a system upgrade, we choose to hold nano and mc as our guinea pig example.

$ xbps-install -Su
[*] Updating 'https://repo.voidlinux.eu/current/x86_64-repodata' ...
x86_64-repodata: 1332KB [avg rate: 814KB/s]
18 packages will be downloaded:
  bc-1.07.1_2 btrfs-progs-4.13_1 ca-certificates-20170717_1 
  dash-0.5.9.1_2 dhcpcd-6.11.5_4 dnssec-anchors-20170822_1 
  e2fsprogs-1.43.6_1 e2fsprogs-libs-1.43.6_1 
  glibc-locales-2.26_2 libcap-ng-0.7.8_3 libharfbuzz-1.5.1_1 
  mc-4.8.19_2 nano-2.8.7_1 nghttp2-1.25.0_1 qemu-2.10.0_1 
  runit-2.1.2_8 runit-void-20170907_1 sudo-1.8.21p2_1 
18 packages will be updated:
  bc (1.07.1_1 -> 1.07.1_2) btrfs-progs (4.12_1 -> 4.13_1) 
  ca-certificates (20161130+nmu1_1 -> 20170717_1) 
...

Lock Package

$ xbps-pkgdb -m hold nano mc

Docker XBPS: Hold

Result

We can see there is no more mc and nano.

$ xbps-install -Su
[*] Updating 'https://repo.voidlinux.eu/current/x86_64-repodata' ...
16 packages will be downloaded:
  bc-1.07.1_2 btrfs-progs-4.13_1 ca-certificates-20170717_1 
  dash-0.5.9.1_2 dhcpcd-6.11.5_4 dnssec-anchors-20170822_1 
  e2fsprogs-1.43.6_1 e2fsprogs-libs-1.43.6_1 
  glibc-locales-2.26_2 libcap-ng-0.7.8_3 libharfbuzz-1.5.1_1 
  nghttp2-1.25.0_1 qemu-2.10.0_1 runit-2.1.2_8 
  runit-void-20170907_1 sudo-1.8.21p2_1 
...

Unlock Package

$ xbps-pkgdb -m unhold nano mc

Conclusion

There are still things that I do not understand, such as using xbps-src.

Thank you for reading


Epsi Nurwijayadi bio photo
By Epsi Nurwijayadi