The Document

This article contain all article slides. Slide by slide, so anyone can copy desired slide, without the need to open the Impress slide, or the PDF version.

Teaser Preview: Desktop Customization

I believe, a ready to use slide, is useful to help people in the group discussion.

Original Presentation

I usually draft a presentation in a simple text based, that I can write down in any text editor.

Then I show in web based for a few moment (actually months). This give time to append any additional material freely, create necessary figure, and also correct any typo, or even dead links.

You can watch the presentation here:

This text based presentation is the most authentic version, with all the links required provided.


This presentation is made in LibreOffice Impress, using candyclone template.

You can download the Impress document from a page in here:

With this downloadable document, you can use the style of this presentation, for use with your own presentation works, either for school material, office works, homeworks, or anything else.


You can also download the exported pdf from a page in here:

The pdf version cannot contain animation. So the content might be little different, compared with the original Impress document.


The Impress pages also utilize diagram illustration made in Inkscape. I also provide the source image in SVG format, that you can download from a page in here:

Here is the preview.

Inkscape Illustration: Desktop Customization

I intentionally share the source SVG image, so you can alter the content for your own personal use. I know there are already so many stock images for presentation, I just need to share, what I have, with tutorial. This way, anyone can make pretty presentation easier. Of course you still have to learn Inkscape, to suit the illustration for your own use.


What is this candyclone rubbish?

Candyclone is an Impress template that I have made for LibreOffice contest.

There are also other free templates as well in lumbung repository.

This candyclone is just an example template that you can use freely. With this candyclone example you can also learn how to make your own template. Your very own template to suit your ecosystem.


What if I do not agree?

The source is available, so you can freely make your own slide. Feel free to express your thoughts, either with text, or illustration.

The Slides

Here I represent all the slides.

Slide 01: Cover

Slide - Cover

Introduction to Desktop Customization in Linux/BSD.

Slide 02: About The Author

Slide - About Author

I have my own dotfiles repository.

Slide 03: About This Material

Slide - About Material

After watching this, you will understand:

  • The difference between GUI in linux or BSD.
  • What customization can be done in linux or BSD.
  • Choices to leverage your desktop appealing.

So that you can pick what customization suitable for you for daily basis usage.

This material contain a bunch of terminal screenshots. It does not mean that your daily desktop is all about terminal.

Slide 04: Chapter Break

Slide - Modular Linux

Slide 05: How Modular is Linux

Slide - Modular Linux: How Modular is Linux?

How Modular is Linux?

  1. Package Manager:
    • APT, ALPM, DNF, XBPS, Zypper, Portage.
  2. Init:
    • SysV, systemd, openRC, runit, S6.
  3. Filesystem:
    • ext4, XFS, Reiserfs, BTRFS, ZFS.
  4. Standard C library in OS:
    • glibc or musl.
  5. DE (Desktop Environment):
    • GTK+ based, QT based, enlightenment.
  6. WM (Window Manager):
    • Stacking, Tiling, Dynamic, Compositor.

Slide 06: Presentation Reference: Linux Diversity

Slide - Modular Linux: Linux Diversity Presentation


Dive into Linux Subsystem for Personal Educational Purpose.

Slide 07: Chapter Break

Slide - Customization

Slide 08: Part of Desktop Art

Slide - Customization: Part of Desktop Art

What Customization?

  • DE/WM Customization:
    • window manager, panel, notification and the most ingredient called wallpaper.
  • Terminal Customization:
    • shell, prompt, pixel-art, and multiplexer.

Terminal ricing along with CLI application, are part of desktop ricing.

Slide 09: The Difference Between DE and WM

Slide - Customization: The Difference Between DE and WM

The Difference: DE or WM?

  • Desktop Environment:
    • Full Experience: Panel, File Manager, Application.
  • Stacking Window Manager:
    • Stripped Down Version of Desktop Environment.
  • Tiling Window Manager:
    • Non-overlapping screen real estate.

When you customize a Window Manager, you are basically making your own Desktop Environment.

Slide 10: Desktop Environment Example: Cinnamon

Slide - Customization: DE Example: Cinnamon

The good Cinnamon (GTK+3) based with Cinnamon’s 3D Switcher.

Slide 11: DE/WM Categorization

Slide - Customization: DE Customization


DE/WM Categorization

  • GTK+ based Desktop Environment:
    • XFCE4, Gnome shell, Cinnamon, Mate, Budgie.
  • QT based Desktop Environment:
    • KDE Plasma, LXQT, Deepin.
  • DE with Other Library:
    • Enlightenment, Lumina, or such.
  • Stacking Window Manager:
    • Openbox, Fluxbox.
  • Tiling Window Manager:
    • AwesomeWM, XMonad, i3wm (gaps), BSPWM, HerbsluftWM, DWM, or many others.
  • Compositor:
    • KWin, Compiz.

The separation is not very clear, sometimes overlapped.

Slide 12: Desktop Customization Step by Step?

Slide - Preface: Desktop Customization Step by Step

Desktop Customization Step by Step?

  1. Install Linux Distribution
    • Pick your favorite distribution.
    • Debian Based, Arch Family, Void, or others.
  2. Desktop Environment
    • Plasma, Gnome, XFCE4, and such.
    • Explore Theming.
  3. Terminal Customization
    • Terminal, shell, prompt, multiplexer (tmux), pixel art, compositor (picom), CLI app (neofetch), editor (ViM).
  4. Stacking Window Manager
    • Configuration: Openbox, Fluxbox.
    • Explore Panel (task bar), and Tools.
  5. Tiling Window Manager
    • i3wm, AwesomeWM, BSPWM,
    • DWM, XMonad, HerbstluftWM.

Learn how to google, make a screenshot (scrot), read documentation, and english.


  • Choose good wallpaper, fonts, and colorscheme.

  • Enjoy the journey. Share your .dotfiles.

Slide 13: Desktop Environment Customization

Slide - DE Customization

Slide 14: DE: LXQT Example

Slide - DE: LXQT Example


You can switch to any looks with parts from internet.

Slide 15: DE: What can I do with my DE?

Slide - DE: What can I do with my DE

What can I do with my DE?

  • Theming: Taskbar and Border.
  • Color Scheme.
  • Window Animation.
  • Cursor and Icon Collection.
  • Context Menu in File Manager.
  • Wallpaper: The most ingredient for success.
  • Other Stuff: Font, Conky, or such.

Slide 16: DE Customization Example

Example: Custom XFCE4 Theme: PNG Gradient over XPM

Slide - DE: XFCE4 Theme: PNG Gradient Over XPM


Slide 17: DE Customization Example

Example: Custom XFCE4 Theme: SVG Inkscape Source

Slide- DE: XFCE4 Theme: SVG Inkscape Source

UI/UGM (User Interface/ Unified Graphic Material).

The previous window icon was designed easily using inskcape.

Slide 18: Chapter Break

Slide - Window Layout

Slide 19: Window Layout

Slide - Layout: What Layout

What Layout is Available with Your DE/WM?

  • Stacking: Suitable for ricing.
  • Tiling: For masochist desktoper. Avoid n00b.
  • Floating: Enable stacking in tiling.

Slide 20: Layout: Stacking

Stacking Layout Example: LXQT

Slide - Layout: Stacking Layout Example: LXQT


Slide 21: Layout: Tiling

Tiling Layout Example: Herbstluftwm

Slide - Layout: Tiling Layout Example: Herbstluftwm

Slide 22: Layout: Floating

Floating Example: AwesomeWM

Slide - Layout: Floating Example: AwesomeWM

Slide 23: Chapter Break

Slide - Ricing

Slide 24: Ricing Guidance

Slide - Ricing: Ricing Guidance

Ricing Guidance

  • Aesthetic is First class:
    • It is a work of art.
  • Technical Difficulty is Appreciated:
    • Basic knowledge is a must.
  • Everyone has their own personal character:
    • Yes, there is culture.
    • Many factions blended in, such as dark mode, or weebs, or flat color vs transparency.
  • Ricing people prefer WM over DE:
    • More customization to avoid hardcoded looks.
  • Be creative, be different:
    • Beautiful.

Tips: Find your own style!

Slide 25: Is It Worth It?

Slide - Ricing: Is It Worth It?

Is it worth it?

  • Socially:
    • You need to show of, and get some votes.
  • Technically:
    • You need a good screenshot while communicating your issue on social media, or publishing your work in a blog or other media.
  • Learning:
    • A fun case while studying OS, and also coding.
  • Community: Give a fun direction for n00b
    • that showing of ricing screenshot can be a better life, instead of just showing of illegal hacking.

Slide 26: Chapter Break

Slide - WM: Customization

Slide 27: Window Manager Parts

Slide - WM: Window Manager Parts

Window Manager Customization?

  • Window Manager itself:
    • Choose your WM.
  • Panel:
    • Polybar, dzen2, Lemonbar, or others.
  • Notification:
    • Dunst, or others.
  • Launcher:
    • dmenu, rofi, or others.
  • Original Wallpaper:
    • Ricing Culture: Mostly Anime.
  • Make your own authentic stuff.

Tips: There is no wrong or right. It is all about choices.

Slide 28: Example: Custom Standalone Panel

Slide - WM: Custom Standalone Panel


Slide 29: Optional Tools

Slide - WM: Optional Tools


  • Wallpaper Manager:

  • Good Font Installation:

Optional tools?

Slide 30: Custom Material Wallpaper

Slide - WM: Example Genuine Wallpaper


Slide 31: Chapter Break

Slide - Stacking: Window Manager

Slide 32: Why Stacking Window Manager?

Slide - Stacking: Why Stacking WM

Why Stacking Window Manager?

  • More on Customization:
    • Configuration in Text Editor (suitable for coder),
    • Shareable with dotfiles
  • Lightweight:
    • Small Memory Footprint.
    • Install only what I need.
  • The Looks:
    • Avoid hardcoded looks or just be simple.

Slide 33: Example Oldschool Openbox

Slide - Stacking: Example Oldschool Openbox

Slide - Stacking: More Articles


Slide 35: Example Openbox Theme: Multi Color

Slide - Stacking: Example Openbox Theme


Slide 36: Example Openbox Theming Using Inkscape

Slide - Stacking: Openbox Inkscape Theming


Slide 37: Example Oldschool Fluxbox

Slide - Stacking: Example Oldschool Fluxbox


Slide 38: Chapter Break

Slide - Tiling: Window Manager

Slide 39: Why Tiling Window Manager?

Slide - Tiling: Why Tiling WM

Why Tiling Window Manager?

  • Efficient:
    • Non-overlapping screen real estate.
  • Scaling:
    • With Workspace or Tags.
  • Customizable:
    • Most parts can be automated.
  • Keyboard-driven workflow:
    • For masochist-desktoper.
  • Lightweight:
    • Compared to DE.

Slide 40: Good Watch

Aline Abler Presentation on Youtube

Slide - Tiling: Aline Abler Video

Good Watch: Aline Abler Presentation on Youtube

Explained in systematic fashioned, easy to follow, and she is pretty too.

Slide 41: What Tiling Window Manager?

Slide - Tiling Choices

What Tiling Window Manager?

  • i3wm:
    • Simple configuration, suitable for beginner.
  • HerbstluftWM:
    • Challenging technical difficulties.
    • The extra frame almost make me cry for happiness.
  • XMonad:
    • I can config, but weird, I still don’t understand Haskell.

Slide 42: Dynamic Window Manager?

Slide - Dynamic: Window Manager

It is a kind of Tiling WM, with presets layouts.

Dynamic Window Manager?

  • Awesome WM:
    • Easy to use for beginner, but very long config.
    • Built in menu, systray, notification.
  • DWM:
    • First install for any minimalist distro.
    • You have to compile to change the behaviour.

Slide 43: Presets Layout (in animation)

Example of presets layout: AwesomeWM.

Slide - Dynamic: Presets Layout

Slide 44: Example Bright i3-gaps WM with i3status

Example: i3wm (gaps, bright)

Slide - Tiling: Example i3wm with i3status


Slide 45: Example AwesomeWM

Example Tiling WM: AwesomeWM in GIF animation

Slide - Dynamic: Example AwesomeWM Fix Width


Slide 46: Dynamic: More About AwesomeWM

Slide - Dynamic: More About AwesomeWM


Slide 47: Tiling Example: Herbstluftwm

Slide - Tiling: Herbstluftwm


Slide 48: Solving HerbstluftWM Technical Difficulties

Slide - Tiling: herbstluftwm: Technical Difficulties


Slide 49: Combining with Specific Panel Bar

Slide - Tiling: Specific Panel Bar


WM customization can be combined with Specific Panel Bar.

Slide 50: Chapter Break: Xorg and Wayland

Slide - Other DE/WM Issue

Xorg and Wayland

Slide 51: Chapter Break

Slide - Terminal Customization

Slide 52: Example of Terminal Customization

Slide - Terminal: Example Customization


Terminal Ricing: tmux + vim + gcc + C + Assembler

Slide 53: Parts of Terminal Ricing

Slide - Terminal: Ricing Parts


Main Parts.

  1. Terminal:
    • urxvt, xfce4-terminal, termite.
  2. Shell:
    • bash, zsh, fish.
    • Prompt: powerline, oh-my-bash, oh-my-zsh, oh-my-fish.
  3. Multiplexer:
    • tmux, gnu screen.
    • wrapper: teamocil, byobu.
  4. Background Decoration:
    • Wallpaper.

Additional Parts.

  1. Compositor Decoration:
    • Picom or Compton.
  2. Padding Decoration:
    • gtk.css.
  3. Example CLI application:
    • neofetch, htop, cava.
  4. Special CLI application:
    • ViM Text Editor.
  5. Pixel Art

Slide 54: Example Pixel Art

Example Terminal Ricing: Pixel Art: ANSI Color

Slide - Terminal: Pixel Art


Slide 55: Example Command Line Interface

Slide - Terminal: Standalone CLI


Slide 56: Example Shell Prompt

Slide - Terminal Shell Prompt


Slide 57: Chapter Break

Slide - Dotfiles

Slide 58: Where to Find Resources?

Slide - Dotfiles: Resources


Slide 59: Origin of the Dotfiles Word

Slide - Dotfiles: Word Origin

Configuration files on linux can be shared between hobbyist. Configuration mostly lies under .config directory. Or single files with name started with dot.

Slide 60: Managing Dotfiles

Slide - Dotfiles: Managing Files

Sharing Resources require good folder management.

Slide 61: Please Share!

Slide - Dotfiles: Please Share

I share mine:

Would you do the same with each other?

Slide 62: What’s Next?

Slide - What's Next?

What is Next?

  • Make your own custom Statusbar Panel!
  • Make your own custom Window Manager!
  • Port old tools to a better programming language!

Leverage Coding Skills!

Slide 63: Questions

Slide - Questions?

Don’t be shy!

Slide 64: The End

Slide - Thank You

Thank you for your time.