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Preface

Goal: Share common configuration for terminal customization.

Terminal ricing is different in with desktop ricing. While in desktop ricing we deal with: window manager, panel, notification and the most ingredient called wallpaper. Terminal ricing deal with: shell, prompt, pixel-art, and multiplexer. Terminal ricing along with CLI application, are part of desktop ricing.

This guidance applied for most distribution.

Screenshot

Terminal Ricing: Gentoo XFCE4 Terminal

I intentionally use scary command with scary output to get the hackish screenshot feeling. Haciksh here, I mean hack in computer context, not amateur writing context.

The terminal is using other terminal as background, not a wallpaper. The other terminal is doing actual compilation. Compilation give the screenshot more hackish looks.

Not too much effort, but works for me.

Table of Content

There are few parts in terminal ricing:

  • Terminal: urxvt, xfce4-terminal, termite

  • Shell: bash, zsh, fish

  • Shell Prompt: powerline, oh-my-bash, oh-my-zsh, oh-my-fish

  • Multiplexer: tmux, gnu screen

  • Multiplexer Wrapper: teamocil, byobu

  • Compositor Decoration: Compton

  • Padding Decoration: gtk.css

  • Background Decoration: Wallpaper

  • Example CLI application: neofetch

  • Special CLI application: ViM Text Editor

  • Pixel Art

Dofiles Source

The dotfiles are available at:

Path

Where to put the config, for each part ?

Category Part Path
terminal urxvt ~/.Xresources,
~/.Xdefaults
terminal termite ~/.config/termite/config
shell oh-my-bash ~/.bashrc
shell oh-my-zsh ~/.zshrc
shell powerline ~/.config/powerline/*,
~/.bashrc,
~/.config/fish/config.fish
tiling tmux ~/.tmux.conf
tiling teamocil ~/.teamocil/jekyll.yml
decoration compton ~/.config/compton.conf
decoration gtk-3.0 ~/.config/gtk-3.0/gtk.css
application vim ~/.vim/*,
~/.vimrc
application neofetch ~/.config/neofetch/config.conf

Terminal

Not all terminal emulator is suitable for ricing

There are as many choice as listed below:

The issue is, not all terinal emulator is suitable for ricing. In ricing world, less is more, no need any fancy border, scrollbar and menu. But at the same time, the terminal needs flexbility when it comes to colorscheme.

Most choices comes to these three terminals:

  • urxvt: My favorite is rxvt unicode, but sometimes it has trouble with font setting, such as arrow in ViM when using bold fonts.

  • xfce4-terminal: It just works, and stable. It has GUI based configuration. But not many customizable colorscheme.

  • termite: I rarely use it. This emulator is now widely used in most distro. And it also have compilation time dependencies with mono.

urxvt configuration

This is a long topic, so I put it separately below.

xfce4-terminal configuration

This is GUI based config. I nevert touch the config manually.

termite configuration

Config Path
termite ~/.config/termite/config

Source:

It was originally frtom my friend morgareth, but I cannot find the dotfiles any longer.


urxvt configuration

You can use two configs, or just one merged config:

Config Path
urxvt ~/.Xresources,
~/.Xdefaults

You can load using xrdb.

$ xrdb ~/.Xresources

Source:

My config are originally grabbed from these my two friends:

colors

Using .Xdefaults or .Xresources.

! ############
! # based on #
! # blackcat #
! #  night   #
! ############

*background:   #121212
*foreground:   #E8E8E8

! BLK
*color0:       #141212
*color8:       #404040

! RED
*color1:       #EC5C5C
*color9:       #EC5C5C

! GRN
*color2:       #5CF577
*color10:      #5CF577

! YLW
*color3:       #F9EB3D
*color11:      #F9EB3D

! BLU
*color4:       #0286D5
*color12:      #0286D5

! MAG
*color5:       #807DB6
*color13:      #807DB6

! CYN
*color6:       #60CFE6
*color14:      #60CFE6

! WHT
*color7:       #FEFEFE
*color15:      #FEFEFE

You can grab more color from dotshare.

more resources

Using .Xdefaults or .Xresources.

! ############
! #  COLORS  #
! ############
! # based on #
! # rukavera #
! ############

! special
*.foreground:     #adb2c2
! *.background:     #03262b
! *.background:     #eeeeee
! *.cursorColor:    #adb2c2


! - For real transparency (composite):
urxvt*depth: 32
urxvt.background: [80]#03262b
! urxvt*background: rgba:0000/0000/0200/c800

! - For fake transparency:
! urxvt*transparent: true
! urxvt*shading: 30

URxvt.intensityStyles:  false
!URxvt.font:             xft:Hack:bold:pixelsize=12
!URxvt.boldFont:         xft:Hack:bold:pixelsize=12

!! Hack
URxvt.font:             xft:Hack:bold:pixelsize=12;hinting=True;antialias:True,\
                        xft:PowerlineSymbols,\
                        xft:FontAwesome:size=10,\
                        xft:WenQuanYi Bitmap Song-12:medium;antialias=False,\
                        xft:WenQuanYi Zen Hei-12:medium;antialias=True,\
                        xft:HanaMinA-12:medium;antialias:True,\
                        xft:HanaMinB-12:medium;antialias:True,\
                        xft:HanaMinPlus-12:medium;antialias:True
URxvt.boldFont:         xft:Hack:bold:pixelsize=12;hinting=True;antialias:True,\
                        xft:FontAwesome:size=10,\
                        xft:WenQuanYi Bitmap Song-12:bold;antialias=False,\
                        xft:WenQuanYi Zen Hei-12:bold;antialias=True,\
                        xft:HanaMinA-12:bold;antialias:True,\
                        xft:HanaMinB-12:bold;antialias:True,\
                        xft:HanaMinPlus-12:bold;antialias:True
!

URxvt.saveLines:        8192

URxvt*scrollTtyOutput:    false
URxvt*scrollWithBuffer:   true
URxvt*scrollTtyKeypress:  true
URxvt.scrollBar:          false
URxvt.internalBorder:     25
URxvt.cursorBlink:        false
URxvt.cursorUnderline:    true
! URxvt.scrollBar: false
! URxvt.scrollBar_right: false

Xft.dpi:        96
Xft.antialias:  true
Xft.rgba:       rgb
Xft.hinting:    true
Xft.hintstyle:  hintslight

! ############
! # based on #
! # blackcat #
! ############

! URxvt.perl-ext-common: default, tabbed

! URxvt.keysym.Control-Alt-C: perl:clipboard:copy
! URxvt.keysym.Control-Alt-V: perl:clipboard:paste

URxvt.letterSpace: -1
!URxvt.lineSpace: 1

URxvt.termName: rxvt-unicode
URxvt.geometry: 115x24+366+211

!URxvt.transparent: true
!URxvt.shading: 5
!URxvt.fadecolor: #0c0c0c
!URxvt.fading: 30
!URxvt.depth: 32

URxvt.saveLine: 10000
URxvt.iso14755: false
URxvt.iso14755_52: false

!URxvt.highlightColor:
!URxvt.hightlightTextColor:

URxvt.url-select.launcher: firefox
URxvt.url-select.underline: true

URxvt.loginShell: true

And you can grab more .Xresources example, also from dotshare.

urxvt extension

I never try this, but this is seems cool.


Shell and Shell Prompt

Shell are part of operating system. There are many shells, most commonly used are:

you can switch the default shell by this command:

$ chsh -s /bin/zsh

For each shell, it has ready to use customizable prompt configuration:

But there are also a unique arrow prompt called powerline. It needs special config. An it is also highly customizable.

.bashrc prompt

This is my colorful bashrc.

Terminal Ricing: Colourful BASH prompt

#
# ~/.bashrc
#

# If not running interactively, don't do anything
[[ $- != *i* ]] && return

alias ls='ls --color=auto'
PS1='[\u@\h \W]\$ '

echo

printf "\033[0m
    \033[49;35m|\033[49;31m|\033[101;31m|\033[41;97m|\033[49;91m|\033[49;93m|\033[0m
  \033[105;35m|\033[45;97m|\033[49;97m||\033[100;97m||\033[49;37m||\033[103;33m|\033[43;97m|\033[0m
  \033[49;95m|\033[49;94m|\033[100;37m||\033[40;97m||\033[40;37m||\033[49;33m|\033[49;32m|\033[0m
  \033[104;34m|\033[44;97m|\033[49;90m||\033[40;39m||\033[49;39m||\033[102;32m|\033[42;97m|\033[0m
    \033[49;34m|\033[49;36m|\033[106;36m|\033[46;97m|\033[49;96m|\033[49;92m|\033[0m

"

my_t="[\e[1;33m\t\e[01;37m]"
my_u="[\[\e[1;34m\u\e[01;37m\]]"
my_h="[\[\e[00;37m\]${HOSTNAME%%.*}\[\e[01;37m\]]"
my_w="$\[\e[01;31m\]\w\[\e[01;37m\]"
my_n="$\[\e[01;31m\]\n\[\e[01;37m\]"
export PS1="\[\e[01;37m\]┌─${my_t}──${my_u}──${my_h}:${my_w}${my_n}└──\[\e[01;37m\]>>\[\e[0m\]"

You can grab more .bashrc from dotshare.

.zshrc prompt

You can grab more .zshrc from dotshare.

oh-my-bash configuration

With this oh-my-bash prompt theming framework, the code above could be transformed into simple code.

Terminal Ricing: oh-my-bash prompt

# Path to your oh-my-bash installation.
export OSH=/home/epsi/.oh-my-bash

# Set name of the theme to load. Optionally, if you set this to "random"
# it'll load a random theme each time that oh-my-bash is loaded.
OSH_THEME="font"

# Add wisely, as too many plugins slow down shell startup.
plugins=(core git bashmarks progress)

if tty -s
then
  source $OSH/oh-my-bash.sh
fi

Do not forget to set the right path.

Config Path
bash ~/.bashrc

Source:

oh-my-zsh configuration

Terminal Ricing: oh-my-zsh prompt

# Path to your oh-my-zsh installation.
export ZSH=/home/epsi/.oh-my-zsh

# See https://github.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/wiki/Themes
ZSH_THEME="terminalparty"
# robbyrussell afowler fino kardan nanotech philips re5et simonoff sporty256 
# terminalparty tjkirch tonotdo wezm adben af-magic

# Add wisely, as too many plugins slow down shell startup.
plugins=(
  git
)

source $ZSH/oh-my-zsh.sh

# alias
alias jekyll-blog='jekyll serve --config _config.yml,_config_dev.yml'

Do not forget to set the right path.

Config Path
zsh ~/.zshrc

Source:

Iterate Theme for oh-my-bash

One of my issue with oh-my-bash is that I cannot find preview for each theme. But do not worry, there is a workaround. Even better, we can see each theme live, in action for each theme. If you ever wonder how to get the looks of each oh-my-bash theme easily, I made a script for you to play with.

This method also applied with oh-my-zsh.

powerline configuration

There are many files that can be configured in this powerline directory:

To use powerline, add it in your .bashrc, or .zrc.

powerline-daemon -q
POWERLINE_BASH_CONTINUATION=1
POWERLINE_BASH_SELECT=1
. /usr/lib/python3.6/site-packages/powerline/bindings/bash/powerline.sh

Or .config/fish/config.fish.

powerline-daemon -q
set POWERLINE_BASH_CONTINUATION 1
set POWERLINE_BASH_SELECT 1
set fish_function_path $fish_function_path "/usr/lib/python3.6/site-packages/powerline/bindings/fish"
powerline-setup

Do not forget to set the right path.

Config Path
bash ~/.bashrc
fish ~/.config/fish/config.fish

Multiplexer

There are two widely used terminal multiplexer. In fact I only know this two.

tmux configuration

tmux can have a very nice statusbar, that can be set on top or bottom of your terminal.

Terminal Ricing: tmux statusbar

set -g mouse on

######################
### DESIGN CHANGES ###
######################

# loud or quiet?
set-option -g visual-activity off
set-option -g visual-bell off
set-option -g visual-silence off
set-window-option -g monitor-activity off
set-option -g bell-action none

#  modes
setw -g mode-attr bold

# messages
set -g message-attr bold

#### http://dotshare.it/dots/8268/0/raw/

# Mode
set-option -g mode-bg brightblack
set-option -g mode-fg default

# Status position
set-option -g status-position top

# Status update interval
set-option -g status-interval 5

# Basic status bar colors
set-option -g status-bg default
set-option -g status-fg white

# Left side of status bar
set-option -g status-left-length 40
set-option -g status-left "#[fg=brightwhite,bg=brightblack] #S #[fg=default,bg=default] "

# Window status
set-option -g window-status-format "#[fg=white,bg=brightblack] #I #[fg=white,bg=black] #W "
set-option -g window-status-current-format "#[fg=brightwhite,bg=green] #I #[fg=brightwhite,bg=blue] #W "
set-option -g window-status-separator " "
set-option -g status-justify left

# Right side of status bar
set-option -g status-right-length 40
set-option -g status-right " #[fg=brightwhite,bg=black] %a, %d %b %H:%M #[fg=brightwhite,bg=brightblack] #(whoami)@#h "

# Pane border
set-option -g pane-border-bg default
set-option -g pane-border-fg brightblack
set-option -g pane-active-border-bg default
set-option -g pane-active-border-fg white

# Pane number indicator
set-option -g display-panes-colour brightblack
set-option -g display-panes-active-colour brightwhite

# Clock mode
set-option -g clock-mode-colour white
set-option -g clock-mode-style 24

# Message
set-option -g message-bg default
set-option -g message-fg default

Do not forget to set the right path.

Config Path
tmux ~/.tmux.conf

Source:

I like to copy the tmux config from dotshare.

gnu screen configuration

I do not use gnu screen. However you can grab the config from dotshare.


Multiplexer Wrapper

Beyond the multiplexer, there are also ready to use application that manage previous tools

  • teamocil: using tmux as backend, managing layout.

  • byobu: using either tmux or gnu screen backend, not managing layout.

byobu screenshot

I do not configure byobu. But if you widh, this is my screenshot.

Terminal Ricing: Byobu at Debian URXVT

teamocil configuration

Teamocil is a simple tool used to automatically create windows and panes in tmux with YAML files.

I’m using Jekyll for daily basis blogging. Instead of typing the same command over and over again, using teamocil can be helpful.

windows:
  - name: sample-four-panes
    root: /media/Works/githublab/epsi-rns.github.io
    layout: tiled
    panes:
      - vim -M ./_config.yml
      - jekyll-blog
      - git status
      - exa --long
Config Path
teamocil ~/.teamocil/jekyll.yml

This is the configuration:

And last, my screenshot for my real daily basis blogging. Well.. this not really a ricing, but more on productivity.

Terminal Ricing: teamocil jekyll layout


Compositor

compositor for transparency

You need compositor to enable transparency, shadow and such effects. There are two known compositor for ricing:

Simply run compton to enable it.

$ compton &

compton configuration

# Opacity
menu-opacity = 0.9;
#inactive-opacity = 0.7;
frame-opacity = 0.7;
inactive-opacity-override = false;
alpha-step = 0.06;
Config Path
compton ~/.config/compton.conf

Source


gtk.css

Terminal can have padding using gtk.css Setting this padding would make your terminal way cooler. The padding config is as simply as:

VteTerminal, vte-terminal {
	padding: 5px 24px 24px 24px;
}
Config Path
gtk.css ~/.config/gtk-3.0/gtk.css

Source

A more complete config can be seen here:


Background

Well .. well.. well… Wallpaper is the most ingredient in ricing. You are free to use any wallpaper

But there are other trick as well.

custom wallpaper

I also make custom wallpaper at deviantart.

hackish style

I like to use other terminal as background. The background terminal contain compilation.

This would make a very hackish style effect, as shown in most top picture above.


Example CLI application

There are many CLI application such as

  • Music visualizer: CAVA

  • System information: neofetch, screenfetch

  • System Monitoring: htop, gtop

  • exa: colorful rust based ls

This is not the place to explain detail for this CLI applications. However, this is most commonly use neofetch custom config is a must:

Config Path
neofetch ~/.config/compton.conf

ViM as Special CLI application

Vim is an advanced text editor

This is also a must have config.

Terminal Ricing: git log vim

The preivous screenshot is running a cool command, that you can also for your screenhot setup.

$ git log | vim -R -

vimrc configuration

This is my current vimrc.

" -- -- ViM Standard -- -- 

set number
syntax on
set encoding=utf-8

" -- -- ViM UI -- --

set background=dark
set t_Co=256
if &term =~ '256color'
  " Disable Background Color Erase (BCE) so that color schemes
  " work properly when Vim is used inside tmux and GNU screen.
  " See also http://snk.tuxfamily.org/log/vim-256color-bce.html
  set t_ut=
endif

set laststatus=2 " always show the status line
set lazyredraw " do not redraw while running macros
set showbreak=↪ " indicate wrapped line
hi clear ModeMsg " Disable Color StatusLine on Insert Mode and Visual Mode

" -- -- Vundle Begin -- --

set nocompatible              " be iMproved, required
filetype off                  " required

" set the runtime path to include Vundle and initialize
set rtp+=~/.vim/bundle/Vundle.vim
call vundle#begin()

" -- -- Vundle Plugin -- --

" let Vundle manage Vundle, required
Plugin 'VundleVim/Vundle.vim'

Plugin 'scrooloose/nerdtree'

" Plugin 'Lokaltog/powerline'


Plugin 'flazz/vim-colorschemes'
Plugin 'vim-airline/vim-airline'
" Plugin 'vim-airline/vim-airline-themes'


Plugin 'rstacruz/sparkup', {'rtp': 'vim/'}

" -- -- Vundle End -- --

" All of your Plugins must be added before the following line
call vundle#end()            " required
filetype plugin indent on    " required

" -- -- GUI Settings -- --

autocmd GUIEnter * set guioptions-=m
autocmd GUIEnter * set guioptions-=T
"autocmd GUIEnter * set gfn=Bitstream\ Vera\ Sans\ Mono\ 10
autocmd GUIEnter * set gfn=Monaco\ for\ Powerline\ 10
let g:Powerline_symbols = 'fancy'
set rtp+=~/.vim/bundle/powerline/powerline/bindings/vim
autocmd GUIEnter * set vb t_vb= " disable visual bell
let g:airline#extensions#tabline#enabled = 1
let g:airline_powerline_fonts = 1
" let g:airline_theme='powerlineish'

" -- -- colorscheme -- --

colorscheme ir_black
" colorscheme evening
" colorscheme molokai

" -- -- NERDTree -- --

let NERDTreeShowHidden=1
Config Path
vimrc ~/.vimrc

Source:

I copy the config from my friend bandithijo, and strip down to suit my needs.

There are more ViM rc at dotshare.

vim path

There are two directories in this ViM directory:

Config Path
vim ~/.vim/*

There are more ViM colors at dotshare.

Learning ViM

Beside the basic vimtutor, you might want to learn ViM script the hard way.


Pixel Art

You can see my pixelart repository on bitbucket here:

The repository is a compilation from this good thread:

Example of Pixelart Greeting

Terminal Ricing: Greeting Syawal Pixel Art


Conclusion

That is all.

Thank you for reading and visiting.


Epsi Nurwijayadi bio photo
By Epsi Nurwijayadi